More infos on glaciers and climate change:
The once mighty glaciers of the alps are melting away. According to scientist, up to 80% of them could be gone by the end of this century due to climate change."Melting giants" is capturing the beauty of glaciers and their decline.
About Melting Giants
Since my childhood I am fascinated by the ice giants. During my hikes in the alps, I could witness their decline at first hand. When I learned that many glaciers could be gone by the end of the century, I knew that something had to be done. With this project I want to document the melting giants and capture their beauty. On the one hand, to show future generations what we have lost; on the other hand and even more importantly, to showcase the issue to a broad audience, thereby hopefully accelerating climate protection. We have only one planet and need to start to take responsibility for our actions.
„The glaciers are the fever thermometers of the earth“. Our earth has already warmed over one degree Celsius and currently we are heading for two degrees. It is scientifically proven that we humans are responsible for the current climate change. Due to the rising temperatures, our glaciers are melting away. Unfortunately, areas such as the Alps and the polar region are warming particularly quickly. The alpine glaciers serve as a symbol for the worldwide condition of the glaciers. The huge amounts of ice and snow that have formed and shaped the alpine landscape are disappearing faster and faster. What is happening to the glaciers in the alps is also happening on Greenland, in the Himalayas, in the Andes, in the Arctic and in the Antarctic – in some cases to an even greater extent.
Some numbers and facts about glaciers and their decline:
- there are approximately 5000 glaciers in the alps
- the longest glacier in the alps, the Aletsch glacier, is around 22 kilometres long
- at the Konkordiaplatz in Switzerland, the ice is roughly 900 metres thick
- there are around 900 glaciers in Austria with an average thickness of 38 metres and a volume of 17,7 cubic kilometres
- if global warming stays at 1,5 degrees, about half of the glaciers will disappear until 2100
- if global temperatures rise up to 2,7 degrees, nearly all glaciers in many regions, like the alps, could vanish
- for example, the Hintereisferner in Austria lost 5% of its volume in only one year
- in Switzerland, glaciers have lost half of their ice mass between 1931 and 2016 and since 2016 have lost additional 12%
Why we should care
Glaciers are not only incredible to look at. They are important for several reasons. The ice acts as a water reservoir for nature and humans alike. They continuously supply the valleys with water in summer. Once they have disappeared, this water is missing for nature and humans. This is especially relevant in Asia, where the glaciers in the Himalayas provided water for millions of people.
Moreover, the melting of the ice affects the rise of the sea level. Rising sea levels threaten people all over the world. The glaciers in the Alps are so „small“ that in total the sea level would „only“ rise by 10 to 20 centimetres. However, glaciers are melting on a global scale. If all the ice on Greenland melts, water levels would rise by about 7,5 meters. Alone the ice in Antartica can lead to a rise of about 60 meters. Today roughly 200 million people live below 5 meter above sea level. Depending on the global temperature increase, sea levels will rise by 60 centimetres to several metres by 2100, directly threatening these people. An useful tool to see the impact of rising sea levels is the interactive map by Climate Central. Feel free to play around: Climate Central Sea Level Rise Map.
In addition, glaciers influence the stability of the alps. With their disappearance, mountains become unstable and huge landslides can happen, creating a danger for villages and people. Mountaineers face more unpredictable risks, as seen in 2022 at the Marmolada glacier in Italy, where a part of the glacier collapsed, killing seven people. Other dangers include glacier lakes that break their banks and crash into the valley.
Explore the glaciers I have photographed
You want to witness climate change and see the glacier with your own eyes? Then take at look at my Melting Giants collections on Komoot and follow my footsteps: https://www.komoot.de/collection/2373617/wanderungen-zu-den-melting-giants-der-alpen.